The first step to understanding expectancy theory is to understand what happens when someone wants to study for an examination. For example, if you are preparing for a university exam then you will have two expectations. The first one is that you want to pass the examination easily and the second one is that you want to get high marks. The second one is called your expectation. These two expectations are related to each other because if you will not pass the examination then you might also not get high marks.
So how does expectation theory work? If we take the example of students who want to study for an examination. When they start to prepare for the examination they make various expectations. For example, they might state that they want to do better than the last time so that they can improve their grades. Some students also state that they want to clear the exam easily and get high marks. These expectations might not be correct because we do not know what will happen in exam rooms.
So now we have already discussed what expectations should be like for students who want to study for a test or exam. Now let’s discuss what expectation theory is all about. Expectation theory states that people perceive certain things differently. For example, some people might state that they expect to get high marks when they study properly for the test. However, that does not mean that they will get high marks. It only means that the expectations are all positive.
In expectation theory, expectations are all about expectations. We know that people with positive expectations have higher results. However, in the whole world, there are people who have negative expectations. If we have two different expectations, we can say that one group has positive expectations and another group has negative expectations.
The theory explains why certain tests give better results and why others do not. If you have high expectations but low test results, your expectations might be too high. This might lead you to do many things that you do not want to do. You might not study as well and you might even procrastinate.
On the other hand, if you do not have high expectations but lower test results, you might have low expectations. Either your expectations are too low or they are too high. This might give you some reason to feel down about the test and stop studying. Of course, this will not help you at all. Your performance in the test will not improve.
Of course, expectancy theory is not a quick fix. It may help you understand what makes tests more likely to give positive results and what makes them more likely to give negative results. But to truly benefit from this tool, you should learn how to use test results to find out what questions are most important to you, and the right questions to ask to narrow your scope. This will help you make the most of any testing period.
Now let us return to our original problem. You might have heard that you should expect to get a yes or a no. But what if you get a blank? The blank will give you some motivation, but if you expect to see something on the paper, you might be expecting to see something. You should think about how you can make your expectations realistic. If, for instance, a topic is your major concern, you should study the class carefully, taking notes when necessary.
Another thing that you should do to make your expectations realistic is to write down the reasons why you are expecting a certain result. You might call these reasons specific positive outcomes. You can then work to achieve them. If you have no good reasons for expecting bad results, you will just be spinning your wheels. So, write down your good reasons for expecting good results.
In this way, the expectation theory can guide you as you try to make sense of your own learning. It might seem a bit strange to you at first, but after using it a while, you will see how much it helps. In the end, you will probably feel refreshed and better able to make sense of whatever is going on in your life. When you learn to develop healthy expectations, you will find yourself able to learn faster and more efficiently. This can only help you in your future studies.