As mentioned earlier, psychological tests are used to gain information about a person’s psychological characteristics. By gaining information from psychological tests, psychologists and teachers can identify and teach children with learning disabilities and special needs the proper way of navigating college life. For example, if a child experiences trouble answering a question because he is not very sure how to answer it, his teacher can use psychological testing to find out what his child’s problem is and help the child gain the confidence he needs to better answer the questions he has been asked. Teachers can also use psychological tests to find out how well their students to process different kinds of information before deciding which one to give answers to and whether they make sound decisions.
There are many kinds of psychological tests. Some tests measure skills, abilities, personality, and behavior. Some even measure psychological attributes like intelligence and personality. Some measure ability or knowledge. And some measure specific aspects of a person’s psychological makeup like race, sex, age, and other factors. No matter what kind of psychological test is being performed, there are some kinds that are considered to be more important than the rest.
There are several kinds of psychological testing that measure personality. The most widely used type is the Myers-Brigg Type Indicator (MBTI). This instrument was created by Carl Jung and has been used ever since to measure personality traits. Invented in 1970, MBTI is a standard way of testing personality and determining potentials in individuals. It is also widely used in schools to determine if children have potential to learn and develop, in the workplace to determine job competence, and in organizations to identify potentials for leadership.
Another kind of psychological measurement is neuropsychological tests. Neuropsychological tests use psychological measures like brain scans to determine how your mind functions. These tests are most often used in research settings to determine if patients demonstrate signs of mental disorder or if they are normal. Some examples of these tests include PET scans or MRI scans. Other types of neuropsychological tests are functional imaging or EEG tests.
Psychological tests are also used in clinical settings. When there are clinical issues with a person, doctors use psychological measurements like the Assessment battery for psychometry, thematic examination, and psychology assessment. These clinical psychological tests are very specific because they deal with psychosomatic illnesses or symptoms. Psychological tests are also used in rehabilitation settings to determine how a patient can change due to therapy and to see how they respond to physical and mental activities. Some examples of these psychological measurements include the Well-Being Questionnaire, the Inventory of Perceptual Behavioral Problems, and the Personality Inventory.
The process of psychological measurement begins with the elicitation of information. This information could be from a patient’s memory, a person’s experience, or something external. From this information, psychologists come up with psychological measurement, which is the output of their research. The three main types of psychological measurement are the descriptive, behavioral, and predictive. Descriptive refers to general properties of an individual, while the other two provide insight on specific aspects of an individual.
A psychologist may choose to carry out a single type of psychological measurement or several depending on the situation. For example, a psychological test that determines the emotional reactivity to a certain situation is conducted only if a patient is complaining about being angry and is under some kind of stress. The testing will then show what the patient’s emotional reactivity is based on a questionnaire. When you undergo a psychological measurement, remember that it’s not enough to simply count the number of times you reacted towards a situation; you need to know how you felt about it!